Musa sp.


About banana
The banana plant is the largest herbaceous flowering plant.The banana is an edible fruit botanically a berry produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.M. acuminata (contributing genome A) and M. balbisiana (contributing genome B) are the ancestors of today banana and plantain cultivars, which are important food crops in the tropics. They together with other related wild species belong to the genus Musa that includes five sections, namely Eumusa, Rhodochlamys, Callimusa, Australimusa, and Ingentimusa.

About Musa sp.
Musa sp. : the largest herbaceous flowering plant
Musa sp.Bananas and plantains are monocotyledonous plants in the genus Musa (Musaceae, Zingiberales). They are giant herbs, commonly up to 3 m in height, with no lignification or secondary thickening of stems that is characteristic of trees . The centre of origin of the group is in South-East Asia, where they occur from India to Polynesia . The centre of diversity has been placed in Malaysia or Indonesia , although considerable diversity is known throughout the range. The taxonomy of the approximately 50 species within the genus Musa remains poorly resolved, not least because of the widespread vegetative reproduction and natural occurrence of many hybrids. Most frequently, the genus is divided into four (sometimes five) sections, Eumusa and Rhodochlamys with a basic chromosome number of x¼ 11, Australimusa (x¼10), and Callimusa (x¼10 or x¼ 9) . Various minor and major regroupings have been suggested . In the last decade, in conjunction with molecular studies of Musa accessions at the DNA level , aspects of the taxonomy have been clarified but a careful treatment of the complementary and contrasting data, along with judicious filling of gaps in the data, is required to resolve the relationships and phylogeny in the genus.


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The report on the results of the most recent phase, IMTP III, is expected to be published in early 2016. From ResearchGate